Aurangabad Travel Guide
It's easy to see why many travellers regard Aurangabad as little more than
a convenient, though largely uninteresting, place in which to kill time
on the way to Ellora and Ajanta. First impression seem to confirm its
reputation as an industrial metropolis ; wide streets, fast traffic,
ugly building sites, and gaping patches of urban wasteland merge into a
featureless ferroconcrete sprwal. Yet, given a little effort, northern
Maharashtra's largest city can compensate for its architectural
shortcomings. Scattered around its ragged fringes, the dilapidated
remains of fortifcations, gateways, domes and minarets - including those
of the most ambitious Moghul tomb garden in western India, the
Bibi-Ka-Maqbara -bear witness to an illustrious imperial past, the small
but fascinating crop of rock-cut Buddhist caves, huddled along the
flanks of the flat-topped, sandy yellow hills to the north, are remnants
of even more ancient occupation.
History of Aurangabad :-
The city, originally called Khadke, or "Big Rock",
was founded in the early 16th century by Mailk Amber, an
ex-Abyssinian slave and prime minister of the independent Muslim
kingdom of the Nizam Shahis, based at Ahmadnagar, 112km southwest.
It was a perfect spot for a provincial capital : on the banks of the
River Kham, in a a broad valley seperating the then-forested
Sahyadri Range to the north from the Satharas to the south, and at a
crossroads of the religion's key trade routes. Many of the mosques
and palaces erected by Malik Amber still endure, albeit in ruins.
Buddhism was introduced to this region during the reign of the
powerful Mauryan Emperors and its rapid acceptance is evident in the
profusion of Buddhist cave temples found in and around modern
aurangabad. The Hindu temples of Ellora built by the kings of the
Satvahana and Rashtrakuta dynasties predate the influx of Buddhism.
Strategically located in the centre of India, the region was
considered the safest from the marauding armies of the Afghan and
Central Asian raiders. The Tughlaq King Mohammed bin Tughlaq of the
Delhi Sultanate moved his capital from Delhi, along with the
citizens to this area in the 14th century but failed due to poor
Tourist Places In Aurangabad :-
This ia a small two-room museum which contains the
fascinating personal collection of a retired doctor. Among the
exhibits are a 500 years old chain mail suit, a copy of the Koran
handwritten by Aurangzeb and an 800 years old Paithani sari.
On the left bank of the Kham River, on Panchakki Road,
the Dargah of Baba Shah Muzaffar is a religious compound
built by Aurangzeb as a memorial to his spiritual mentor, a chisti mystic.
Built by Malik Amber in 1695, this watermill takes it's
name from the mill which used to grind grain for the pilgrims,
designed to generate energy by water, brought down from a spring on
a mountain. The gardens and fish tanks here are memorial of
Sufi-saint who was buried here in 1624.
Bibi ka Maqbara
A replica of the Taj Mahal, Bibi-Ka-Maqbara was built in
1678 by Aurangzeb's son as a tribute to his mother Begum Rabia
Durani. It is the only specimen of the Mughal architecture of it's
kind, in the Deccan plateau.
Carved out by a steep-sided spur of the Sahyadri Range,
directly overlooking Bibi-Ka-Maqbara, Aurangabad's own caves bear no comparision to those in nearby Ellora and Ajanta, but their
fine sculpture makes a wothwhile introduction to rock-cut
How to Reach
Air : Aurangabad is connected by Indian Airlines flights with
Bombay, Delhi, Jaipur and Udiapur.
Road : Aurangabad is directly connected by rail with Bombay,
Manmad and Nasik Road.
Rail : Aurangabad is well connected by good motorable road